Lemon- or Citrus-Scented Oils Comparison©
By Jeanne Rose
= oxygen + hydrogen or ALCOHOL
= no oxygen, a TERPENE hydrocarbon
= terpene (no oxygen)
= neral + geranial, these are cis/trans isomers,
Citronella grass - Cymbopogon
fruity, citrus fragrance with serious back notes of green and vegetative.
A scent that can be sickifying. Inexpensive
oil, but certainly replaceable by Lemon Eucalyptus.
Used in bug repellent soaps.See
Lemon - Citrus
refreshing, fruity lemon odor with strong citrus and spicy notes. This
scent can not be truly duplicated by other lemon odors. There are green
and yellow Lemon essential oils. Green has a fresh, green odor, the yellow
is more fruity and sweet. Both contain D-limonene, some citral, g-terpinene,
some citronellal. With these components, sometimes other lemon-scented
oils are substituted. When other oils with more alcohols are substituted
for Lemon oil, the soap often changes in its composition and scent.
Changing from true Lemon to other Lemon scents often results in
alteration of color. For a variety of Lemon, Jeanne
Rose Aromatherapy has a “Grove
of Citrus” Aromatherapy Kit; 18 different citrus oils for $90 +S&h
Lemon eucalyptus -Eucalyptus
better smelling scent than Citronella and because it has more of the
alcohol citronellol it also is a better bug/insect repellent.
This eo is not very expensive and would be a great addition to a
soap. Bug repellent, when inhaled is calming and relaxing.
Lemon Mint or Bergamot
aldehyde of unstable nature
Has an soft agreeable odor reminiscent of the linalyl acetate of
Lavender, rather than of Bergamot. This would be a wonderful scent for a
soap. The soap could be
considered a beauty bar because of the soothing nature of the linalyl
acetate. Carried by CH Imports
odor, pleasant, sweet and green undertone. Much cleaner and sweeter than
Lemongrass or Litsea. No grassy or fatty note or amyl acetate fruitiness
like Lemongrass. Strongly antiviral, can be used by direct application on
cold sores. A wonderful lemon odor for all your soap and cosmetic needs.
Carried by Natural Extracts of
to 25% myrcene
of the myrcene with its strongly green and vegetative note, this is not my
favorite citrus odor or even one of my essential oils that I enjoy
although a favorite of many. Lemongrass
used in a soap could be used
for skin care, or a foot soap for athletes foot, also considered to help
minimize perspiration and stinky sweat.
Lemon Teatree Leptospermum
essential oil is interesting with that known Teatree scent with delicious
overtones of citrus. You can smell and/or this oil from one of the trade
show vendors, CH Imports.
It would make a great soap to be used for its antibacterial,
antifungal and other citral properties.
A good addition to your soap line, possibly as a children's hand
soap or at the veterinary in a pet shampoo.
May Chang Litsea
(neral + geranial) is 65%-74%.
very strong citrus predominating note with fruit and spice in the back
notes. This is a relatively inexpensive oil that is often substituted for
the very expensive Verbena. There is no true Verbena soap unless it is
made with the herb itself. The
scent of commercial Verbena soaps is Litsea.
The difference in the true odor of these two essentials is quite
dramatic. I feel it is
dishonest for a company to call a soap Verbena when in fact it is scented
with other citrus odors or even complete synthetics.
studies have shown "When given orally or by inhalation, possesses
prominent protective effects against bronchial asthma that is induced by
inhalation of broncho-constrictors (1977). The essential oil inhibits
anaphylactic shock when inhaled, and has a relaxing effect on the tracheal
Melissa -Melissa Officinalis
as a trace
powerful anti-viral. Has many chemotypes and many chemical varieties. Most
interesting is that this scent which is very citrus, also has back notes
of a sweet wood. This is a very expensive oil and not the least like other
citrus scents. Come to me
later for a whiff of the true Melissa.
-Melissa officinalis L. Research Findings. In Melissa, a reasonable minimum yield of oil is 0.05 - 0.1%, and in
Mediterranean countries it reaches 0.2 - 0.3%. The percentage of citral
depends on the seed source, and was found to range between 8.8 and 75.0%,
with citronellal between 1.0 and 52.0%. The Bavarian Research Institute
for Soil and Plant Production (Germany), examined a collection of 101
provenance/cultivars of Melissa
and evaluated the best types. The percentage of citral is highest in young
leaves and just before flowering, but favorable growing conditions are
very important. After a 6 months period of storage, the citral content
decreases from 84 to 50%. As the plants become older, the percentage of
citral decreases from 37 to 12%, and citronellal increases from 1 to 32%.
In new plantations in Africa, the oil is extracted directly from fresh
plants using an advanced method of extraction with
1,1,1,2-tetrafluorethane. The very low oil yield of Melissa, and comparative difficulties connected with the
distillation of fresh material together with quick oil decomposition,
initiated a quest for other plants with high percentages of lemon-scented
monoterpenes. Nepeta cataria ssp.
citriodora and Dracocephalum
moldavica were investigated for their volatile oil content and
scent is strongly citrus with a floral note and a woody finish.
It is expensive and often other oils are substituted for it. It is
a powerful anti-inflammatory. The
tea is helpful for sleeping, the hydrosol has the opposite effect and can
help to keep you awake on a long drive.
many more citrus odors in the plant world and many plants when distilled
produce citrus chemotypes. Also it is important to note that the hydrosols
of some of these plants are available and can be used after the bath pr
shower as a tonic rinse or spray.
to use the hydrosols and add them to your product line.
Good soap is cleansing and can be healing but finish with a
delicious hydrosol and you have two products that work together to make a
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